How to Become a Phlebotomist

Becoming a phlebotomist is a rewarding career choice for individuals interested in the healthcare field. Phlebotomists play a crucial role in the medical industry by collecting blood samples for diagnostic testing, blood donations, and research purposes. Perhaps you are a student considering an entry-level healthcare role and want to compare phlebotomy to licensed practical/vocational nursing. The following will guide you through the essential steps to becoming a phlebotomist, from understanding the role to fulfilling educational requirements and obtaining certification.

Step 1: Understand the Role of a Phlebotomist

Before embarking on the journey to become a phlebotomist, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of the role. Phlebotomists are responsible for drawing blood from patients, labeling and storing samples, and ensuring accurate documentation. They work closely with healthcare professionals to contribute to accurate diagnoses and treatment plans. Additionally, phlebotomists must possess strong communication skills, empathy, and attention to detail to create a positive patient experience.

Phlebotomist vs LPN

Distinguishing between the roles of a phlebotomist and an LPN is essential for those aspiring to contribute to the well-being of others. In this context, understanding the differences between phlebotomists and licensed practical nurses (LPNs) is paramount. Despite both professions involving patient care, they operate in unique healthcare settings and cater to different aspects of overall health.

Phlebotomists primarily focus on:

  • Blood collection and specimen handling
  • Patient interaction
  • Lab assistance
  • Infection control
  • Record keeping

Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs) primarily focus on:

  • Comprehensive patient care
  • Wound care and procedures
  • Patient advocacy
  • Collaboration in care plans
  • Health education

Step 2: Fulfill the Educational Requirements of a Phlebotomist

While the educational requirements for phlebotomists may vary by state, most employers prefer candidates with formal training. Many community colleges, technical schools, and vocational institutions offer phlebotomy programs. These programs typically cover topics such as anatomy, physiology, medical terminology, and practical phlebotomy skills.

During the educational phase, aspiring phlebotomists gain hands-on experience in drawing blood, understanding venipuncture techniques, and practicing proper specimen handling. Some programs also include clinical rotations in healthcare settings to provide real-world exposure.


While certification is not always mandatory, obtaining certification can significantly enhance your employment prospects and validate your skills. The most widely recognized certification for phlebotomists is offered by organizations such as the National Phlebotomy Association (NPA), the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), and the National Healthcareer Association (NHA). These certifications typically require candidates to pass an exam that assesses their theoretical knowledge and practical skills.

Employers often prefer certified phlebotomists due to the assurance of a standardized level of competence. Certification may also lead to higher earning potential and increased job opportunities.

Step 3: Apply For Phlebotomist Jobs

Once you have completed your education and obtained certification, it's time to start applying for phlebotomist positions. Job opportunities for phlebotomists can be found in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, blood donation centers, and other healthcare settings. Create a compelling resume that highlights your education, certification, and any relevant experience or internships.

During the application and interview process, emphasize your communication skills, attention to detail, and commitment to patient care. Phlebotomy is a customer-focused role, and employers seek candidates who can make patients feel comfortable and at ease during the blood collection process.

Last Updated/Verified: Dec 15, 2023